Eat yogurt to cut diabetes risk

Eating low-fat yogurt and cottage-cheese could reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus by one-third, a study has suggested in Diabetologia.                                                                          

The study has assessed 4000 UK people between 45 and 74 years of age, including 753 type-2 diabetics. When compared to non-eaters, people who consumed large amounts of low-fat yogurt, fromage frais and cottage cheese were less likely to develop type-2 diabetes by 28%.

Although the study could not prove the causal link, the association between the factors was strong.

Blue light improves mental alertness

A recent study published in the journal Sleep has suggested that blue light exposure could improve mental alertness and performance.

Researchers at Brigham’s Women Hospital have developed specialized light equipment with short wavelength (blue light). The effects of blue light were compared with the effects of green light. The researchers have observed that exposure to blue light during the daytime may increase the alertness and mental performance. The study involved 16 participants who were exposed to both lights over 6.5 days, every day. The mental alertness rate, reaction time and brain activity patterns were assessed. 

When compared to green light exposed participants, quicker reaction time, fewer attention lapses, fatigue, increased alertness and optimal brain activity patterns were observed in the blue light exposed individuals.

Natural light is ideal for human health; however, controlled lighting settings including schools and work place may affect the daylight access and natural exposure to sunlight. 

Too much salt intake increase obesity and inflammation risks

Too much salt intake increase obesity and inflammatory diseases risks in the adolescents, a study published in the journal Pediatrics has suggested. Consumption of sodium (salt) more than the recommended daily allowance may increase body fat deposition and inflammation. Chronic inflammation contributes to several diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus and other autoimmune disorders by release of immuno-modulatory factors.                                                                   

Eating fresh fruits and vegetables over processed foods and reducing diet salt could prevent these problems. Weight loss could be achieved by reducing the salt intake which control calorie intake and burning mechanisms.

Increased food consumption, particularly processed foods is associated with more sodium intake that increases obesity risk, the researchers concluded.

Vitamin C and E blunts endurance training benefits

Taking vitamin C and E supplements could blunt endurance training induced augmentation of certain mitochondrial proteins, according to a study published in the Journal of Physiology. Taking these antioxidants could interfere with the process of exercise-induced muscular reactions and endurance.                                                                             

Vitamin C and E increase oxygen demand in the muscles and reduce endurance training benefits. 

The present study involved several participants who were assigned to receive either 1000 mg of vitamin C with 235 mg of vitamin E or a placebo. No significant differences in performance were observed. However, muscular biopsy has suggested lack of oxygen supply in certain muscles among vitamins-supplemented participants.

Strawberries and cucumbers may prevent Alzheimer’s disease

Fisentin, a beneficial plant chemical present in strawberries and cucumbers may prevent Alzheimer’s disease and associated memory loss, according to a study published in the journal Aging Cell.                                                                           

The experimental study was conducted by the researchers at Salk Institute. Fisetin, a flavonol significantly prevented progressive learning impairments and memory problems. However, the plant chemical did not reduced amyloid plaque formation in the brain that leads to Alzheimer’s disease.

The findings have suggested an amyloid-independent way to treat Alzheimer’s disease.

The neuro-protective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Fisetin were proved by previously published research studies.

Pet caring nature is linked with stronger social relationships

Kids and young adults who are emotionally attached with pet animals are tend to grow as sensitive individuals with stronger social or community relationships in future, according to a study published in the journal Applied Developmental Science.                                                                      
The survey study involved over 500 subjects between 18 and 26 years of age, mostly females. The participants were inquired about the interactions and attitudes towards animals. The study was led by Dr. Megan Mueller, assistant professor of developmental psychology, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University.

The developmental characteristics and contributing activities including confidence, competence, caring, character, sense of depression, leadership skills, community and family rapport were assessed and scored. When compared to others, evidential community servicing characters, family or friends helping nature with demonstrated leadership were observed in young adults who cared for animals. Higher the pet’s care, more the contribution scores in the young adults.

The role of animals in developing an individual’s character, particularly in earlier stages of life is more significant that increase sense of connection with others, confidence and empathy